Aquilaria malaccensis

The Aquilaria malaccensis (local name Bari) is a tropical tree that grows up to 40 m high and spreads up to 12 m wide. It has a pale, thin and smooth trunk, silky young shoots, and leathery, long, sword-shaped leaves that are arranged alternately. Its white flowers are in clusters and its fruits are egg shaped and velvety. Edible parts are the seeds and bark. It is used to flavour curries.

Propagation is by through the seeds and seedlings that grows faster when properly cultivated.

This Aquilaria malaccensis tree is the great source of Agarwood Medicinal Leaves Tea.

The inner bark is used in making cloth, ropes, and writing materials. The timber of healthy trees is used for making boxes, in light construction, and veneer.

Aquilaria malaccensis, like other species from the Aquilaria genus, is a major source of agarwood resin that is used for perfume, incense and medicinal uses.. The resin is produced when the tree is infected or by artificial inducement by a parasitic fungus, Phaeoacremonium parasitica.

According to Oldfield et al. (1998), A. malaccensis (Bari) is found in 10 countries: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Iran, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. Although, Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) confirmed no sightings of A. malaccensis in Iran later on.