Aquilaria malaccensis seedlings are suitable for planting in the lowland areas to the mountains at an altitude of 0 – 1000 meters above sea level with an average rainfall of less than 2000cm. Appropriate temperature is between 27 ° C to 32 ° C with a rate of 70% sunlight. Suitability of land types soft and sandy clay soil with a pH between 4.0 to 6.0.
In plantation forestry, it is essential to carefully assess the ecological conditions at the planting and to assess whether a potential species will survive and grow. Aquilaria spp. is not demanding regarding soil and climatic conditions, occurring naturally in all ecological zones and on a variety of soils (avoid clay soil).
However, many planting have died back after 2, 3 ~4 years of establishment, seemingly due to stagnant water. Planting on sloping lands is therefore recommended. To reduce the mortality rate, seedlings are ready to transplanting into ground when achieving 50~90cm height.
Older seedlings might not be good due to root coiling in the confined polybag if polybag is not big enough. Preparing the hole 40x40x40. Leave the hole with rain, sunlight and oxygenated soil helps to root growth. If the soil is hard, coco peat can be added to loosen the soil mixture, coco peat has great oxygenated properties.
15% of cow dung which acts as an organic fertilizer and 20 grams of organic fungicide is added to minimize the attack of insects. The hole can be covered to the appropriate level and seedling 2 inches above the planting surface. Poly bag can be removed and seedling can be kept in the hole.
Spacing is 2.5m x 2.5m grid per tree. Each tree would be needing 6.25sqm total area. For a commercial plantation of one hectare (10,000sqm), we are recommending 1,000 trees only to have ample space for other farm necessities like bunker house, warehouse and the distillery.
Plantation of more than one hectare can be accommodated the 1,600 trees (10,000sqm/6.25sqm) per hectare.
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